Merciful & Gracious

imagesExodus 34:5-8

Grace and mercy are close companions and are often mentioned in the same holy breath (Exodus 33:19, 34:6; Psalm 103:8; Isaiah 30:18; I Timothy 1:1).

How do they differ?  Let us say that…

Grace pertains more to our state as sinners (condemned); mercy relates more to our condition as sinners (miserable).

Grace conveys unmerited favor; mercy bestows tender pity.

Mercy holds back the punishment until grace pays the price.

Grace is God giving us what we don’t deserve; mercy is God not giving us what we do deserve.

Mercy is more negative; grace is more positive.

Mercy pardons (I Timothy 1:13); grace justifies (Romans 3:24).

Mercy removes the guilt and penalty of sin (Proverbs 28:13); grace imputes righteousness (Romans 4:5).

Mercy saves from peril (Psalm 6:4); grace imparts a new nature (Ephesians 2:8-10).

Mercy rescues its object (Luke 10:33, 37); grace transforms him (Titus 2:11-12).

Mercy is more of an Old Testament concept (Micah 7:18-20); grace is more of a New Testament concept. (John 1:14-17).



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